Are there specific LGBT and Gay-Friendly Rehabs?
Rates of substance abuse and addiction are higher among people on the LGBTQ spectrum than in other sectors of society. Thankfully, there are a number of facilities that offer services that are customized to meet the very special challenges people in this demographic face as they attempt to get sober. The best ones offer assistance with issues of abuse, trauma, stigmatization, violence, and harassment. They also connect people with peers who can understand them intimately.
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For years now, it has been increasingly acknowledged that the incidence of substance abuse and addiction is higher among people who self-identify as homosexual, bisexual, transgendered, or somewhere else on the gender or sexuality spectrum (LGBTQ).
This is confirmed by research reviews, such as one included in the journal Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, that highlight research demonstrating that LGBTQ persons are at higher risk of alcohol and drug abuse than the general population.
The issues that stem from this can be compounded by the fact that members of the LGBTQ community have historically had challenges in getting the healthcare they need without judgment or bias, including in the area of substance abuse and addiction treatment. However, over the course of the last few decades, there has been a shift in perceptions and attitudes toward people who identify as LGBTQ, which have made it easier to get the health treatment they need.
Because of this, the landscape of LGBTQ-friendly addiction treatment centers has changed throughout the US, with more facilities offering programs specifically to help gay, lesbian, and transgendered individuals recover from addiction and manage the specific issues that can lead to this higher prevalence of addiction. Still, some of these programs don’t necessarily escape bias – especially in the case of transgendered individuals – and sometimes it’s hard for those who identify as LGBTQ to find treatment that truly meets their needs without prejudice.
By knowing what to look for, LGBTQ individuals can find the right treatment center to get them on the path to recovery.
Discrimination and Addiction in the LGBTQ Community
- Exclusion from social groups and activities
- Physical abuse by family members or partners
- Rejection by family of origin or by spiritual community
- Job loss, loss of child custody, or other public discrimination
- Violence based on sexual orientation or gender identification
- Peer ridicule and rejection for LGBTQ youth
- Sexuality discrimination combined with other forms of discrimination, such as gender, race, religion, etc.
Because the stigma against the LGBTQ community is part of what contributes to the higher prevalence of substance abuse, it is easy to see that treatment is not likely to be successful if it perpetuates the discrimination or misunderstanding of these individuals
This has been recognized in a reference assembled for treatment providers by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; this reference, A Provider’s Introduction to Substance Abuse Treatment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals, can help treatment centers become aware of the particular needs of the LGBTQ community when it comes to rehab, to create programs that are truly beneficial to this demographic. In fact, these guidelines were adopted and augmented by the Association of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Addiction Professionals and Their Allies, an organization that provides resources and advocacy for LGBTQ persons struggling with addiction.
A treatment center that is LGBTQ-friendly will recognize the above factors and implement the concepts in their practices. Through doing so, these treatment centers often develop approaches that help with the following LGBTQ-specific issues, among others, some of which are reported in a research review on LGBTQ substance abuse by the Butler Center for Research:
- The higher occurrence of marijuana and illicit drug abuse and addiction for gay men
- The prevalence of alcohol addiction and binge drinking for lesbian women
- The isolation that bisexual individuals may feel from both heterosexual and homosexual communities
- The mistrust of healthcare providers that can run high in the transgendered community
- How to manage the use of hormonal treatments during rehab therapies
- The emotional and physical challenges of younger people who identify as LGBTQ
These are just some of the practical needs that are important for a treatment center to be aware of in treating individuals who identify as LGBTQ, and what those who are seeking treatment may look for in a rehab program.
Finding LGBTQ-Friendly Treatment Centers
Because of the growing understanding of LGBTQ issues with drug and alcohol abuse and addiction, many treatment centers are asserting their ability to provide treatment for this population that can cater to their specific needs. However, some of these groups may have underlying biases that counteract their good intentions. The challenge then becomes finding a facility that truly meets the need of the individual seeking help with their addiction.
Addiction treatment experts recognize that the treatments more likely to result in long-term recovery for all populations include medically supported detox and rehab, along with therapy methods and support mechanisms to help individuals learn to manage their recovery in the months and years following rehab.
For LGBTQ individuals seeking treatment, or their loved ones, this first priority is balanced with the need to make sure that the program they enter is not only understanding of their particular personal, social, and psychological challenges, but also provides the support needed to help overcome other specific issues they may deal with during and after rehab, such as:
- Managing responses to discrimination from others
- Dealing with depression, anxiety, and guilt that stem from sexual orientation or gender identity
- Handling peer pressure and the club scene
- Guidelines for accepting identity and coming out
As emphasized by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the drug or alcohol rehab program most likely to help an individual achieve long-term recovery is one that is tailored or customized based on that individual’s specific needs.
For that reason, it is essential that a person who identifies as LGBTQ, and who is ready to enter substance abuse treatment, finds a program with experience treating those in the LGBTQ community.