Bridget Grant is a senior investigator at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’s Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biometry and lead author on the study. In the study notes published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, she said: “The seriousness and persistence of the situation doesn’t appear to have changed all that drastically since our last look at this. What we see is that a little over 23 million Americans are directly affected with a lifelong problem. And many more are affected when you consider that the issue involves not just the user but also the user’s family and social network. And on top of that we also see that treatment rates are really not that great.”
More than 36,000 Americans over the age of 18 were surveyed in person for the study between 2012 and 2013. The focus was on use of drugs, including:
Alcohol was not included, and the person’s use of all substances was assessed collectively rather than individually.
The survey results suggest that the American population groups most likely to struggle with a lifelong drug use disorder include:
Though about 10 percent of respondents met the criteria for a lifelong drug use disorder, about 4 percent had a drug problem within the current year – about 9 million Americans – yet fewer than 14 percent of this number connected with professional treatment that would help them to navigate their way out of addiction.
It was also noted that though drug use disorders developed among survey participants around the age of 24, the average age of treatment didn’t occur until age 28.
Grant addressed the issue of late response to addiction with treatment by saying: “A lot of people have concerns about the effectiveness of treatment, even though we’ve made a lot of strides over the past two decades. And professionals, and even patients themselves, have a lot of problems simply identifying their problem. And also, of course, there’s a stigma associated with admitting you have a drug problem. That’s still a very, very big problem.”
Dr. Adam Bisaga is a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University in New York City. He believes that this survey and others like it could help to positively combat the rising tide of drug abuse, addiction, and overdose deaths in the United States. He says: “The public will probably be surprised to know that the problem is so prevalent, because stigma keeps people silent and thinking they are all alone. But addiction is a disease with a well-established neurobiology, and treatments are now very effective, and promise a lot of help and relief. So surveys like this are important because they help get the message out that this is an issue that affects millions of people. And that in and of itself will help to abolish the stigma that surrounds the disease.”
There have been a number of other attempts to manage the drug abuse and addiction issues across the country, with varying results. Some of these include:
On a personal level, for those who know someone who is struggling with a prescription drug abuse problem or addiction, helping that person to connect with treatment will provide the best chance at recovery.