Treatment Options for Bulimia
There are literally thousands of treatment programs to choose from when families need help with a bulimia issue. From small providers to big centers, help is almost always around the corner. People with bulimia need help, and they may appreciate the opportunity to weigh in on the facility chosen. Families can work with insurance providers to narrow treatment options and then let the person with bulimia make the final selection.
Everyone eats too much from time to time. Thanksgiving turkey, Christmas pie, and 4th of July barbeque all seem to call out for feasting, and sometimes, it’s hard to know when to refuse a second helping of something so delicious.
However, when most people eat a little too much, they can blame the great taste of the food or the holiday that food celebrates.
There’s a small subset of people, however, who can’t control how much they eat. According to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, people like this binge on huge amounts of food several times a week. These people can be so disgusted with the amount they ate that they can try to remove that food through vomiting or purging.
This is bulimia, and it’s a serious problem. Thankfully, it’s also a problem that comes with a solution, as treatment programs can help affected people to pull together more appropriate eating plans for a lifetime of good health.
Bulimia is sometimes triggered by a traumatic event, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Living through a natural disaster or enduring a personal attack can leave people feeling helpless and out of control. Binging on food can provide a sense of comfort that can be very appealing to someone going through a crisis. Purging can bring a little boost of euphoria these people might desperately need in order to get through the day. To someone like this, bulimia is part of the trauma coping mechanism process, although it’s usually not very effective in healing long-term pain.
Bulimia can also be sparked by culture. Young women who read fashion magazines or watch fashion shows on television can become convinced that thin means good and fat means bad. These girls might attempt very severe diets involving water, caffeine, and fruit. By the end of the day, these girls are so hungry that they’ll eat almost anything, and they might binge as a result. Purging is a way for these girls to get back on track with a diet.
Bulimia can also run in families, meaning that people who grow up watching an adult engage in bulimia can become adults who do the same thing. There may be genes involved in this transition, or the young people might just mimic the behavior and assume it’s normal.
Without proper treatment, bulimia tends to get worse. People may start by binging and purging just once per month, but they might then purge once per week or even once per day. In time, people like this might be drawn to purge every meal.
Many of the risks associated with bulimia are linked to the methods people use in order to eliminate binged foods from their bodies. Relentless vomiting or daily laxative consumption is just not good for vital digestive systems or overall body function. In time, according to the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA), people with bulimia can develop:
While many of these health consequences are linked to purging, people who simply binge on food without trying to get rid of it can also become very ill. These people can eat so much that they strain their body’s capacity to hold food. Stomach linings can stretch and swell, as can the throat. These delicate systems can even burst. People who binge can take in twice or three times the amount of calories they need, and that can lead to weight gain and/or obesity.
Obesity can lead to all sorts of health problems, including heart failure, diabetes, arthritis, and some types of cancer.
What Treatment Options Are There?
People with bulimia have several options open to them, when it comes to getting better and leaving this disease behind for good.
For example, some people choose to enroll in inpatient programs that allow them to move into the treatment facility for a short period of time, so they can really focus on getting better for good. Others choose to enroll in outpatient care, so they can continue to work and interact with loved ones and their communities as they heal.
No matter the format of treatment, most people with bulimia need therapy. It’s here that people have the opportunity to really examine how the illness came about and what should be done in order to make things better.
- Identify the situations or thoughts that trigger an urge to binge or purge
- Develop escape routes they can use in order to avoid these triggers
- Build skills they can employ when the trigger can’t be avoided
- Practice healthy self-talk and self-care, so triggers become less enduring
Medications might also be helpful. According to Mayo Clinic, the medication fluoxetine has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of bulimia. This antidepressant medication seems to soothe electrical impulses in the minds of some people with bulimia, and this allows them to handle the demands of the eating disorder with a little more poise and grace.
Family support can also be vital for people with bulimia.
As they work through their sessions and amend their eating habits, they might need a little encouragement from the people they trust, love, and know well. The more families can stay involved with healing, the better.
What to Look for in a Treatment Center
There are literally thousands of treatment programs to choose from when families need help with a bulimia issue. From small providers to big centers, help is almost always around the corner, just waiting for families to take advantage.
Even so, the South Carolina Department of Mental Health says that only one person in 10 with an eating disorder gets treatment for that issue. It’s a sad statistic, and including the person who needs help in the selection process may be one way to turn that number around.
Since bulimia can stem from a lack of control, people with bulimia might appreciate the opportunity to weigh in on what the facility stresses and what it can do. They might need to meet therapists and determine whether or not they can relate to the people planning to provide care. They might like to walk through the facility and ensure they feel comfortable there. They might even like to go on a virtual tour of the facility, just so they can put their stamp of approval on the option chosen.
When people have a chance to pick the facility, they become invested in the care and treatment they’ll get, and that can mean all the difference in terms of success. The longer people stay in care, the more they will learn. An investment in care could mean the difference between staying involved and dropping out too early.
As families investigate their options, NEDA recommends asking these questions:
- What professionals will be a part of the treatment plan?
- Will a physician be a part of that team?
- What alternative therapies might be provided?
- What’s the sequence of treatment strategies?
- What are the benefits of the therapies you provide?
- Are there risks involved?
- What role will the family play?
These questions can help families to clarify the difference between the treatment options open to them. And it could make a decision easier to make.
Insurance providers should also be consulted, especially if families hope to tap into their benefits to pay for care. They should ensure that the treatment chosen is approved by the plan, and that the amount of their portion of the copayments is manageable within the family budget. That could help the family to avoid any unpleasant surprises.
Bulimia Can Be Treated
With the right kind of help provided at the right time, people with bulimia can learn to amend their eating habits for the better.
When they do, they can come to a new understanding of what it means to live a healthy and happy life. By enrolling in quality treatment plans, all of those benefits can come about. American Addiction Centers does not treat bulimia; however, many respected facilities throughout the US do. It’s time for families to get started.