Inpatient treatment, or residential, drug and alcohol treatment is a program in which patients live at the rehab facility for the duration of their alcoholism treatment program.
The individual sleeps, eats their meals, and performs all activities within the facility (although there may be brief periods of time where the person can leave the facility). Many normal daily activities of living, such as work and socializing with friends and family, are put on hold while the individual remains in treatment. In outpatient treatment, the individual typically attends treatment sessions at a clinic or hospital, and then returns home and participates in the normal daily activities of their life. Both programs have similar rates of success regarding long-term recovery from substance use disorders, such as an alcohol use disorder; however, there are certain advantages to initially enrolling in an inpatient treatment program if one has a moderate to severe alcohol use disorder.
Because individuals who have alcohol use disorders will inevitably experience some level of withdrawal when they first stop drinking, inpatient treatment programs often include medical detox. In fact, those who are addicted to alcohol should never attempt to stop drinking on their own; medical detox is always recommended.
There are many advantages to negotiating the withdraw process in an inpatient facility. The potential to relapse is extremely high when individuals are undergoing alcohol withdrawal. The symptoms are physically and emotionally very uncomfortable, and drinking alcohol will almost immediately result in a reversal of the withdrawal process. Individuals in inpatient programs undergoing alcohol withdrawal can have their symptoms monitored around the clock and managed to a point where they can comfortably tolerate them via the use of medications. Continual supervision allows the individual to immediately get professional intervention to address any cravings, emotional issues, or physical symptoms associated with withdrawal.
Since the person is in an inpatient environment, it is extremely hard for them to procure alcohol, and this assists in the recovery process. It is certainly not impossible for individuals to have alcohol smuggled in or to leave the program and drink alcohol, but the inpatient environment makes it substantially more difficult to obtain alcohol. During the inpatient stay, people are also in the company of other individuals experiencing the same or similar issues. This allows them to form relationships and bonds that can be extremely useful in negotiating the withdrawal process. In addition, the inpatient withdrawal management program is structured. This helps to distract clients from issues that might lead to relapse as well as to keep clients busy and keep their minds off alcohol.
Because the withdrawal symptoms associated with alcohol use disorders can be potentially fatal, inpatient withdrawal management programs allow for immediate intervention on any potentially serious withdrawal symptoms, such as delirium tremens or seizures. Finally, research indicates that individuals who initially begin treatment for alcohol use disorders in an inpatient setting are more likely to be successful in long-term recovery.
The advantages to initially enrolling in an inpatient treatment program for an alcohol use disorder extend beyond managing the withdrawal period. Residential treatment programs will deliver a comprehensive treatment package that covers multiple levels of intervention. The advantages to inpatient/residential treatment for alcohol use disorders include the following:
Inpatient treatment programs are time-limited. They can last from four weeks to as long as 12 months, depending on the specific case and needs of the individual. These programs are particularly useful in addressing the initial withdrawal syndrome associated with alcohol use disorders and avoiding relapse during this process. However, they also have longer-term benefits. These programs offer specialized and focus treatment, and they can be modified for any specific needs the individual has. They allow for the development of a solid base in recovery and can help to develop commitment and understanding in the clients who are enrolled in them.
People completing these programs must engage in a long-term aftercare program in order for their recovery to be successful. Such a program will inevitably mean some form of outpatient treatment following completion of an inpatient treatment program. Individuals interested in inpatient treatment for alcohol use disorders should consult with their family, friends, and professional treatment providers at residential treatment centers to decide if the particular program is suited for their needs. Nonetheless, an inpatient treatment program is only the beginning of the long-term recovery process.