Developing an aftercare plan allows you to anticipate future challenges to your sobriety and come up with solutions in advance.
Family members and friends can support their loved one post-rehab by participating in self-help fellowships for friends and relatives of those in recovery, celebrating your successes, and encouraging your healthy habits.
An aftercare plan includes activities, interventions, and resources to help a recovering person cope with triggers, stress, and cravings that they may face when treatment is over. Each person’s aftercare plan will vary based upon their own needs. Your plan may include:
Having an aftercare plan is important because many people face difficulties when transitioning out of treatment. The risk of relapse is highest in the first few months after someone leaves rehab.1 Between 40% and 60% of people recovering from drug and alcohol addiction experience a relapse at some point in time. This rate is comparable to other chronic conditions such as type I diabetes, hypertension, or asthma.2
Developing an aftercare plan in early recovery can help prevent a relapse by providing you with support and allowing you to continue to work on issues surrounding your addiction. Once you feel established in your sobriety, you can also begin to give back to others who are newly sober.
As your time in treatment comes to an end, you will likely meet with therapists, counselors, or case managers who will help you set up an aftercare plan. You can also work with an outside therapist or addiction professional to come up with a plan.
When creating your aftercare plan, your therapist will help you consider your particular situation, including whether you will need to find housing, employment, or continued treatment. Your plan will also depend on how far along you are in your recovery and how often or long you may need care.
Once you are aware of your needs, you can work with a therapist to find resources in your local community and online that can help you address these areas. For example, if you lack sober housing, then finding a sober living facility will be an important component of your plan.
The length of your aftercare plan will be based on your needs. Some people are in aftercare for weeks or months, others for a year or more. Most programs recommend that a person stay actively engaged in follow-up or aftercare for at least 1 year, and adolescents may need follow-up care for longer periods.3
You can also continue to modify your aftercare plan over time as your needs and goals change.
Many residential or inpatient addiction treatment centers offer alumni programs for people who have successfully completed treatment and may continue to face challenges to their sobriety. Alumni programs provide tools and support to help you cope with your addiction as you transition back home after treatment.
A typical rehab alumni program may offer:
The goal of alumni programs is to connect people with continued support. In-person events allow you to meet other sober people, discuss your experiences and struggles, and receive advice and encouragement. These events may also involve participating in fun sober activities so that you can begin enjoying life without using drugs or alcohol.
Unlike treatment programs, which are typically brief, alumni programs usually offer their services for an extended period of time or as long as needed. Actively participating in your treatment center’s alumni program can help you stay strong in your recovery and prevent future relapses.
Most programs have a director or coordinator who can answer questions and offer more information. The program will likely reach out to you once you’ve left rehab.
Having stable and sober housing is an important component of addiction recovery. Living in an environment with drugs and alcohol can lead to cravings and urges to use, which may be difficult to control. If you are concerned about your living environment, you may benefit from sober living after treatment.
Sober living homes are drug and alcohol-free residences that provide a safe and supportive environment for recovery. The goal of these homes is to allow residents to build resources as they transition to independent living.4
Residents are expected to abstain from drugs and alcohol, actively work on their recoveries, and follow the house rules. Each sober living home has its own rules, but common expectations include completing chores, following a curfew, and limiting guests to certain hours of the day. Many people work or volunteer onsite or offsite, and the programs may help residents find a job.4
Many residents are involved in 12-step meetings such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. Some homes may even strongly urge or mandate residents to attend these meetings. But studies have shown that becoming involved in these groups while in halfway houses can lead to better outcomes.4
Residents usually pay monthly or weekly fees and commit to minimum length of stay. While the length of stay may vary widely, these are not intended to be long-term residences. Instead, residents establish a period of sobriety and then either move back into their communities or into a different level of support.4
Your treatment team will be able to assist you in finding a suitable sober living home. Consider discussing your needs with them, including where you would like to live and what you can afford. You can also contact sober living homes on your own to inquire about availability. You may be asked to participate in an interview to ensure you are a good fit for the home. This will also provide you with an opportunity to take a tour of the home and ask any questions you may have.
Recovery meetings are free, informal self-help groups for people recovering from addictions and their families. While many different types of recovery meetings exist, they all provide members with an opportunity to meet and support other people.5 Attending recovery meetings is also an effective way to build a sober support network.
Twelve-step groups are the most popular type of self-help group. They stress abstinence and use a set of 12 steps to help people recover from addiction. Member take responsibility for their own recovery, share their experiences, help others, and establish a relationship with a higher power (which does not have to be God). They also work with a sponsor, who is an experienced member in long-term recovery.5
To find local 12-step meetings, you can search the websites of different groups, including Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. You can find the group’s local chapter and search for meetings in your area. Meetings are usually held in churches or other public buildings.5
Twelve-step groups may offer different types of meetings, such as meetings specifically for men, women, and LGBT individuals. Other meetings may focus on a specific topic, such as one of the 12 steps or a chapter of the basic text.5 Be sure to read the descriptions of the meetings to find one that works for you.
Other types of recovery meetings also exist for people who are not comfortable with some of the philosophies of 12-step programs, such as the focus on spirituality. SMART Recovery is a scientific-based self-help group based on cognitive behavioral therapy that helps members change negative emotions, thinking patterns, and actions to live a more balanced and fulfilling life without drugs and alcohol.5 You can search for local SMART Recovery meetings online.
If you are unsure which type of meeting is right for you, consider trying out different types of meetings and 12-step groups until you find the right fit.
If you are attending 12-step meetings, such as Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous, you will be encouraged to find a sponsor. A sponsor is a more experienced member of the recovery community who shares their experience and provides guidance to another person who is trying to get or stay sober through AA. Typically it is recommended to find a sponsor who has at least 1 year of sobriety and is someone with whom you can relate to and feel comfortable.6
Finding a sponsor in early recovery can be helpful for a number of reasons. A good sponsor can provide support when you are faced with cravings. The sponsor can help you talk about your feelings and come up with a plan to cope without using or drinking. A good sponsor is also someone who has worked the 12 steps and can help you do the same.
The responsibilities of a sponsor include:6
Sometimes you may find that you are not working well with a particular sponsor. If this is the case, consider discussing this with the person and finding a new sponsor that better fits your needs.
Outpatient counseling or therapy can also help you work through mental health issues and assist you in developing a relapse prevention plan, improving communication with family members, and even finding a job. You can discuss your need for ongoing therapy with your rehab treatment team, who will be able to assist you in finding an outpatient program or private therapist as part of your aftercare regimen.
Private therapists usually offer flexibility in scheduling sessions. Many accept insurance, and some may offer sliding scale fees for people who cannot afford the full cost of a session.
It may take a few visits to find the right therapist, so take the time to find someone who you feel comfortable with and can share your thoughts and feelings.
Structured outpatient treatment programs have different requirements for attendance. Some meet daily, while others only meet once or a couple times a week. People who are best-suited for outpatient programs are able to attend counseling sessions regularly, have transportation to the treatment center, live in stable housing, and have support from friends and family.3
The most common forms of outpatient are:7
Family and friends are a vital component of the recovery process and aftercare. If you have a loved one struggling with addiction, there are many ways you can provide support:
For some people, relapse is a part of the recovery process. But taking certain steps can reduce the risk of relapse. To avoid relapse, consider:
If you or your loved one does relapse, it doesn’t mean you’re a failure or that treatment failed. It just means the person needs to re-enter treatment—most likely at a higher level than before. For example, if the person was in outpatient treatment, they may want to consider an inpatient or residential program. As mentioned above, many people relapse at some point in their recovery.
If you have relapsed, don’t wait to get help. Search for a program in your area that can help you get back on track to a life of sobriety.