Treatment Options for PTSD and Addiction

Those diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder are 3 times more likely to abusing substances.1 Treatment for substance abuse with co-occurring illness is available. Here you can learn more about PTSD co-occurring with substance abuse and treatment options.

What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that is caused by a traumatic experience in a person’s life, such as military combat, sexual abuse, or car accidents.2 According to the National Center of PTSD bout 8 out of 100 American will suffer from PTSD.3 Some may experience and symptoms that include flashbacks of the traumatic event, fighting thoughts, and bad dreams.2

Signs of PTSD

Signs and symptoms of PTSD may include:4

  • Attitude and behavioral changes, such as easily irritated and angered.
  • Difficulty sleeping and concentrating.
  • Feeling numb and avoiding people, places, or activities.
  • Reliving the trauma, experiencing flashbacks, and having nightmares.

Substance Abuse and Co-occurring PTSD

ptsd

Substance abuse and addiction is commonly connected to co-occurring disorders like PTSD, depression, and anxiety.5

Among people seeking treatment for PTSD are 14 times more likely to also be diagnosed with a substance abuse disorder (SUD).6 Attempting to self-medicate can be a cause to why many people with PTSD also abuse substance.6 The thought is that by abusing substances, a person with PTSD, will null or avoid PTSD symptoms. Those with PTSD with a SUD are more likely so abuse alcohol over drugs, such as cocaine.6

Research has found that service members and veterans that have heavy drinking tendencies are more likely to have PTSD, depression.7 War veterans with a PTSD diagnosis, who also drink alcohol, tend to be diagnosed with binge drinking.8

Signs of Drug Abuse

Someone misusing or abusing drugs can have the following signs and symptoms:9

  • Being argumentative when asked about substance use.
  • Changes in spending habits and issues with finances.
  • Noticeable changes in behavior.
  • Decreased appetite and weight loss.
  • Lack of motivation and poor work performance.
  • Looking sick, such as bloodshot eyes and changes in skin tone.

Military and Veterans with PTSD

One of the highest risk groups for both PTSD and addiction is the veteran population. According to the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, veterans who seek out treatment for a SUD are often diagnosed with PTSD.10 This is most likely due to the emotional stress, physical demand, and mental strain of combat.10 Service members that were deployed overseas to Iraq and Afghanistan are at a higher risk of developing PTSD.11

In addition, PTSD has also been linked to veterans that have been sexually assaulted or harassed during their military service or experience.  Military service trauma can happen to any service member, of any gender, during their military service.11 Sexual trauma includes sexual assault, sexual abuse, or sexual harassment.11 About 1 in 5 female veterans have been diagnosed with military sexual trauma by Veteran Affairs (VA).12

Our Admissions Navigators are always available to assist you.

Call Now (888) 902- VETS

Salute to Recovery is a treatment program designed for veterans and first responders who have been diagnosed with substance abuse and other co-occurring mental health diagnoses.

The program focuses on helping veterans regain a life without addiction. The Salute to Recovery program provides veterans with the medical help and support needed for recovery.

American Addictions Centers’ admissions navigators will educate you on what the process looks like to begin treatment and what is needed in order for the VA help cover your treatment needs and costs.

 

Get Help Today

If you or a loved one is wanting to learn more about addiction treatment with co-occurring PTSD, contact one of AAC’s administration navigators by calling 888-966-8152 or learning more about AAC’s admission process and insurance coverage options. With the help and support of our healthcare staff in our treatment facilities, living an addiction-free life is achievable.

 

Sources:

  1. Gielen, N., Havermans, R. C., Tekelenburg, M., & Jansen, A. (2012). Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among patients with substance use disorder: it is higher than clinicians think it isEuropean journal of psychotraumatology3, 10.3402/ejpt, v3i0, 17734.
  2. National Institute of Mental Health. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
  3. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2018, September 13). PTSD: National Center for PTSD: How Common is PTSD in Adults.
  4. Anxiety and Depression Association of American. Symptoms of PTSD.
  5. Teeters, J.B., Lancaster, C.L., Brown, D.G., & Back, S.E. (2017). Substance use disorders in military veterans: prevalence and treatment challengesSubstance Abuse and Rehabilitation.8, 69-77.
  6. McCauley, J. L., Killeen, T., Gros, D. F., Brady, K. T., & Back, S. E. (2012). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders: Advances in Assessment and TreatmentClinical psychology : a publication of the Division of Clinical Psychology of the American Psychological Association19(3), 10.1111/cpsp.12006.
  7. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2018). Substance Use Disorder.
  8. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. PTSD and Substance Abuse in Veterans.
  9. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018, July 20). Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction; Drug Misuse and Addiction.
  10. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2018, July 24). PTSD: National Center for PTSD: How Common is PTSD in Veterans.
  11. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
  12. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2010, April 14).Military Sexual Trauma
  13. S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2013, December 17). Women Veterans Health Care.

 

Last Updated on July 9, 2020
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Sarah Hardey
A Senior Web Content Editor for the American Addiction Centers. Sarah has worked with healthcare facilities across the country to create digital content for readers of all types.
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